What medical conditions cause sleep apnea?

Congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and Parkinson's disease are some of the conditions that can increase the risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Polycystic ovary syndrome, hormonal disorders, previous strokes, and chronic lung diseases such as asthma may also increase risk. Snoring can cause you and your bedmate to sleep poorly at night. However, if it occurs because you have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), it may be an indication of a larger problem.

Sleep apnea is the involuntary cessation of breathing while sleeping. There is increasing evidence that untreated obstructive sleep apnea can have a significant impact on your personal health. The condition increases the risk of diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes. Untreated sleep apnea is linked to high blood pressure.

If you already have it, sleep apnea can make it worse. Sleep apnea can also make it difficult to treat blood pressure with medications. When you wake up frequently during the night, your body gets stressed. This causes your hormone systems to speed up, increasing your blood pressure.

People with obstructive sleep apnea are more likely to have heart disease. The causes may be lack of oxygen and the stress of waking up frequently during the night. Strokes and atrial fibrillation are also related to OSA. Sleep apnea is common among people with type 2 diabetes.

Research indicates that blood sugar levels are higher among men and women with OSA. Obesity increases the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, treatment for OSA may lower blood sugar levels. Because OSA is linked to many chronic health problems, untreated OSA can cause premature death.

A recent study found that people with severe OSA have a much higher mortality risk than those who do not have it. In particular, undiagnosed sleep apnea is directly related to increased cardiovascular and metabolic health risks. A sleep specialist may request a sleep apnea test, which uses equipment to monitor breathing and oxygen levels while you sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles of the head and neck relax while you sleep, causing surrounding tissue to press on the trachea.

This weight reduces the diameter of the throat and puts pressure on the lungs, contributing to the collapse of the respiratory tract during sleep. People with obstructive sleep apnea have been found to be at greater risk of developing a severe form of COVID-19 and of needing hospital treatment than people who do not have obstructive sleep apnea. Under normal circumstances, your brain manages your breathing all the time, even while you sleep. Snoring doesn't necessarily indicate something potentially serious, and not everyone who snores has obstructive sleep apnea.

These treatments or non-medical approaches can usually improve or resolve obstructive sleep apnea. Many people see immediate improvements when they sleep through the night using a positive airway pressure device. Several studies have shown an association between sleep apnea and problems such as type 2 diabetes, strokes, heart attacks and even a shorter life expectancy, says Jun. If you suspect that you or a loved one has sleep apnea, you may be able to help a healthcare provider diagnose it.

There are many studies that show that losing weight can completely cure sleep apnea, or at least make it less serious, says Jun. Sleep apnea is a common condition in which breathing stops and restarts many times while you sleep. Over time, sleep apnea can cause serious or even life-threatening complications, so early diagnosis and treatment are critical. You may want to talk to your healthcare provider about sleep apnea if someone tells you that they snore or wheeze while you sleep, or if you have other symptoms of poor quality of sleep, such as excessive daytime sleepiness.


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