What Causes Sleep Apnea and How Can It Be Treated?

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that can have a significant impact on your health. It occurs when the muscles in the back of the throat relax too much, blocking the airways and preventing normal breathing. Congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, Parkinson's disease, polycystic ovary syndrome, hormonal disorders, previous strokes, and chronic lung diseases such as asthma can all increase the risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Hypertension is a common symptom of sleep apnea, but it can be easily ruled out because it is not related to the sleep disorder.

Central sleep


is caused by problems with the way the brain communicates with the muscles responsible for breathing.For people with CSA, a part of the brain called the brain stem doesn't correctly recognize the levels of carbon dioxide in the body during sleep. This leads to repeated episodes of breathing that are slower and shallower than they should be.

Sleep apnea

is more than just loud snoring; some patients with sleep apnea don't even snore. The brain detects this breathing disorder and wakes you briefly from sleep so you can reopen your respiratory tract.

Many of the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea can also be due to other health problems, so the condition cannot be diagnosed with symptoms alone.Practical steps can help people living with sleep apnea cope with this condition and its potential health effects. Large adenoids or tonsils, misalignment or size of the jaw, and chronic nasal congestion can all cause trouble breathing during sleep. Treatment for central sleep apnea often focuses on addressing the medical problem that causes abnormal breathing. Children and young people with obstructive sleep apnea may perform poorly in school and usually have attention or behavior problems.Knowing the types of sleep apnea, as well as the symptoms, causes and treatments, can help people understand this condition and minimize its potential health effects.

Diagnosis of sleep apnea must be done by a doctor or sleep specialist, and the diagnostic process consists of several steps.

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